Latest News on Bariatric Surgery, Obesity & Weight Loss – Feb

Here is the monthly summary of all the greatest and latest news from the medical world relating to heath risks, medical procedures and everything in-between.

A recently released article from Monash University shows study results indicating Gastric Band Surgery has health benefits in people who have Diabetes.

News update:  02-2017

News: “Gastric band surgery significantly reduces health risks in overweight people with diabetes”

Diabetes is a condition where the body doesn’t properly regulate blood sugar levels; it can lead to serious health consequences. Obesity and being overweight in general can lead to diabetes in patients of nearly any age.  If obesity is the cause, losing weight through Gastric Band Surgery can have a positive effect on health, including reducing the incidences of diabetes or the need for insulin to manage the condition.

Snapshot of diabetes: too much glucose in the blood.   Types of Diabetes:  Type I and Type II, plus Pre-Diabetes (higher than normal blood sugar levels) and Gestational Diabetes (a diabetic condition brought on through pregnancy, which usually resolves after delivery).

Read more about this study on the Monash University Site.

Exercise, Weight Loss May Cut Heart Failure Risk

“Link was stronger for common but difficult-to-treat type of heart failure. Meanwhile, people who carried more excess weight were younger, less active and were more likely to have risk factors for heart disease, according to the report.”

To continue reading the article follow the link below.

What’s the Best Exercise to Lose Weight: Cardio or Lifting Weights?

“… strength training muscled its way into the spotlight as the must-do move for revving your metabolism and losing weight in your sleep, prompting many exercise enthusiasts to join #TeamNoCardio. So a few years ago, Duke University researchers took to the lab and conducted the largest study of its kind to compare the two and get an answer once and for all.”

To continue reading the article follow the link below.

Chronic stress may raise obesity risk

“Researchers found that individuals who had persistently high levels of the “stress hormone” cortisol over long periods of time weighed more, had a higher body mass index (BMI), and a larger waist, compared with those who had low levels of the hormone. … Adults considered obese based on their BMI or waist circumference – defined as greater than 102 centimeters in men and greater than 88 centimeters in women – had the highest hair cortisol levels, the team reports.”

To continue reading the article follow the link below.

Obesity reprogrammes muscle stem cells

“Obesity is associated with reduced muscle mass and impaired metabolism. Epigenetic changes that affect the formation of new muscle cells may be a contributing factor, according to new research from Lund University, Sweden.

In a new study, doctoral student Cajsa Davegårdh has studied so-called DNA methylation in muscle stem cells in both obese and non-obese individuals. DNA methylation is an epigenetic process in which small molecules – methyl groups – are added to genes and fine-tune the gene’s activity, like a dimmer switch.

By comparing the DNA methylation in immature and mature muscle cells from healthy individuals, Cajsa Davegårdh discovered that the actual degree of methylation had a major impact on the maturation process.”

To continue reading the article follow the link below.

Five-year data shows benefits of surgery – STAMPEDE Study

Bariatric and metabolic surgery with intensive medical therapy is a better long-term treatment option than intensive medical therapy alone, for patients with obesity (BMI≥27) and uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, according to the five-year outcomes from the STAMPEDE (Surgical Treatment And Medications Potentially Eradicate Diabetes Efficiently) study. The outcomes are outlined in the paper, ‘Bariatric Surgery versus Intensive Medical Therapy for Diabetes — 5-Year Outcomes’, published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM).

To continue reading the article follow the link below.

Acarbose promotes remission of early and late dumping syndromes

“Acarbose, a glucosidase inhibitor that slows carbohydrate digestion, has been found to result in complete remission of dumping syndrome (DS) in most subjects and substantially decreased the frequency and intensity of both early and late DS events. The study researchers from Brazil, stated that previous studies have been reported an associated acarbose with the remission of late dumping, although not early dumping.”

To continue reading the article follow the link below.

Whole-Grain Foods May Help You Stay Slim

“Whole grains seem to both lower the number of calories your body absorbs during digestion and speed metabolism, explained study author J. Philip Karl. He’s a nutrition scientist who did the research while a Ph.D. student in nutrition at Tufts University in Boston.

While other studies have found that people who eat whole grains are slimmer and have lower body fat than those who do not, Karl said it has been hard to separate the effects of whole grains from regular exercise and a healthier diet overall.”

Fat tissue can communicate with other organs

“Fat tissue helps your body store excess energy. It also releases hormones and other substances that help regulate your body’s metabolism by communicating with other organs and tissues, such as your liver, pancreas, and muscles. Mammals, including people, have 2 main types of fat: white and brown. Most body fat is white fat, which stores extra energy that can then be used when needed—for example, when exercising. Whereas brown fat burns energy to help regulate body temperature.

Several cell types, including fat cells, make small pieces of genetic material, called microRNAs. The precise roles of microRNAs are currently under intense investigation. High levels of certain microRNAs have shown to correlate with the presence of several diseases, including cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and obesity…”

To continue reading the article follow the link below.